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The Therapeutic Survival Benefit of Splenic Hilar Nodal Dissection for Advanced Proximal Gastric Cancer Invading the Greater Curvature

Masahiro Yura MD, Takaki Yoshikawa MD, PhD, Sho Otsuki MD, PhD, Yukinori Yamagata MD, PhD, Shinji Morita MD, PhD, Hitoshi Katai MD, PhD, Toshirou Nishida MD, PhD
Gastrointestinal Oncology
Volume 26, Issue 3 / March , 2019

Abstract

Background

The Japan Clinical Oncology Group phase 3 study confirmed the survival non-inferiority of spleen-preserving surgery against splenectomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer not invading the greater curvature. However, the efficacy of #10 lymph node (LN) dissection for tumors that involve the greater curvature remains unclear.

Methods

Data from patients who underwent D2-total gastrectomy with splenectomy between January 2000 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The study included 593 patients. The patients were split into two groups, with 212 patients in the tumor invasion of the greater curvature (Gre) group and 381 patients in the non-Gre group. Survival curves and the state of LN metastasis and the index of estimated benefit from LN dissection of each station were evaluated.

Results

The incidence of #10 LN metastasis was 8.1% (48/593): 15.1% in the Gre group and 4.2% in the non-Gre group. The 5-year overall survival rates for the patients with and without #10 metastasis were respectively 46.9 and 50.2% (P = 0.829) in the Gre group and 49.6 and 62.3% (P = 0.074) in the non-Gre group. The indices for #10 LN dissection were 7.1 in the Gre group and 2.3 in the non-Gre group. In the Gre group, the node station with the highest index was #3, followed by #4d, #1, #4sb, #4sa, #7, #2, #10 (index > 7).

Conclusion

The splenic hilar nodes should be prioritized as a component of D2 lymphadenectomy for advanced gastric cancer invading the greater curvature based on its high metastatic rate and index.

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