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Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Patterns of Care and Survival in the Netherlands: A Population-Based Study

Nadine L. de Boer MD, Job P. van Kooten MD, Ronald A. M. Damhuis MD, PhD, Joachim G. J. V. Aerts MD, PhD, Cornelis Verhoef MD, PhD, Eva V. E. Madsen MD, PhD
Health Services Research and Global Oncology
Volume 26, Issue 13 / December , 2019

Abstract

Background

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive disease. Recently, focus has shifted toward a more aggressive and multimodal treatment approach. This study aimed to assess the patterns of care and survival for MPM patients in the Netherlands on a nationwide basis.

Methods

The records of patients with a diagnosis of MPM from 1993 to 2016 were retrieved from the Dutch Cancer Registry. Data regarding diagnosis, staging, treatment, and survival were extracted. Cox regression analyses and Kaplan–Meier survival curves were used to study overall survival.

Results

Between 1993 and 2016, MPM was diagnosed for 566 patients. Overall, the prognosis was very poor (24% 1-year survival). The most common morphologic subtype was the epithelioid subtype (88%), followed by the biphasic (8%) and sarcomatoid (4%) subtypes. Surgical treatment has become more common in recent years, which most likely has resulted in improved survival rates. In this study, improved survival was independently associated with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR], 0.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21–0.55) and surgery with adjuvant systemic chemotherapy (HR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.23–0.48). Nonetheless, most patients (67%) do not receive any form of anti-cancer treatment.

Conclusion

This study indicated that MPM still is a rare and fatal disease. The survival rates in the Netherlands have improved slightly in the past decade, most likely due to more aggressive treatment approaches and increased use of surgery. However, most patients still do not receive cancer-directed treatment. To improve MPM management, and ultimately survival, care should be centralized in expert medical centers.

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