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Association Between Preoperative Muscle Mass and Intraoperative Bacterial Translocation in Patients Undergoing Hepatectomy, Pancreatoduodenectomy, and Esophagectomy

Kumiko Akashi MD, Yukihiro Yokoyama MD, Takashi Mizuno MD, Tetsuya Abe MD, Masahide Fukaya MD, Takashi Asahara PhD, Masato Nagino MD
Translational Research and Biomarkers
Volume 26, Issue 13 / December , 2019



This study investigated the correlation between the fecal profile and muscle mass, which has not been elucidated before.


This study included patients who underwent hepatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, or esophagectomy and had fecal samples collected preoperatively and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) harvested intraoperatively to determine the fecal profile and presence of bacteria in the MLNs. Total psoas area (TPA) was measured at the third lumbar vertebra using preoperative computed tomography images. TPA was standardized by body surface area (BSA) using the following equation: standardized TPA (mm2/m2) (stTPA) = TPA (mm2)/BSA (m2). The fecal concentrations of representative microorganisms and organic acids also were measured.


A total of 127 patients undergoing hepatectomy (n = 48), pancreatoduodenectomy (n = 44), and esophagectomy (n = 35) were included. The fecal levels of predominant obligate anaerobes showed a positive correlation with stTPA, whereas that of pathogenic microorganisms showed a negative correlation with stTPA. The fecal concentrations of total short chain fatty acids (the sum of acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid) also showed a positive correlation with stTPA. The stTPA was significantly lower in patients with positive microorganisms in the MLNs (patients with bacterial translocation) compared to those without microorganisms in the MLNs (p = 0.047).


This study was the first to demonstrate the association between muscle mass and the fecal profile, as well as their association with bacterial translocation.

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