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Characteristics and Survival of Gastric Cancer Patients with Pathologic Complete Response to Preoperative Therapy

Alexander P. Stark MD, Naruhiko Ikoma MD, MS, Yi-Ju Chiang MSPH, Jeannelyn S. Estrella MD, Prajnan Das MD, MPH, Bruce D. Minsky MD, Mariela M. Blum MD, Jaffer A. Ajani MD, Paul Mansfield MD, Brian D. Badgwell MD, MS
Gastrointestinal Oncology
Volume 26, Issue 11 / October , 2019

Abstract

Background

Pathologic complete response of a primary tumor (ypT0) after preoperative therapy is associated with improved overall survival (OS). However, whether other variables are associated with outcome for gastric cancer patients with ypT0 status is unknown.

Methods

This study reviewed an institutional database of patients who underwent resection of gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma after preoperative therapy and identified patients with ypT0 status. Cox regression models were used to identify clinicopathologic predictors of OS.

Results

Of 77 patients with ypT0 status identified in this study, 36 (47%) had gastroesophageal junction tumors. At presentation, 62 patients (81%) had clinical T3 disease, and 7 (9%) had clinical T4 disease. The clinical nodal status was positive (cN+) for 45 patients (58%). Preoperative chemoradiation was administered to 75 patients (97%). The median follow-up duration was 3.54 years. The median OS was 10 years, and the 5-year OS rate was 61%. Univariable analysis identified age of 65 years or older at the time of diagnosis, histologic grade, and ypN status as significant predictors of OS. Multivariable analysis confirmed age of 65 years or older [hazard ratio (HR), 4.26; p < 0.001] and persistent nodal disease (ypN+ status; HR, 5.12; p < 0.001) to be independently associated with OS. Clinical stage was not associated with survival. In the subset of ypT0N0 patients, no clinicopathologic feature was predictive of survival.

Conclusion

For gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma patients with ypT0 status after preoperative therapy, ypN+ status substantially reduced survival. Pretreatment clinical stage had no impact on OS for patients with a pathologic complete response.

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