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Mona P. Tan MBBS, FRCS
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Breast conservation treatment (BCT) is an accepted option for the treatment of breast malignancies. However, as suboptimal surgical techniques result in poor cosmetic outcomes, a plethora of operative approaches to prevent potential deformity has emerged in contemporary literature. Many of these procedures, referred to as oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS), depend on complex mammoplasty-type procedures, often with contralateral symmetrisation, and the frequent use of volume replacement techniques with implants or autologous tissue flaps. However, there have been reports of moderately high rates of complications for these types of procedures.
To propose surgical approaches that reduce tissue manipulation and lower complication rates without sacrificing local control and survival.
A description of methods is presented, involving closely coordinated collaboration with members of the interdisciplinary team to enable accurate resection with minimal tissue loss for appropriate margins, allowing adequate retained tissue for acceptable cosmesis.
Using these techniques, more women with breast malignancies may undergo BCT without elaborate mammoplasty procedures or volume replacement operations with implants or autologous flaps.
The approaches described are alternatives to the conventional volume displacement techniques for optimising outcomes with OBS. They allow a greater proportion of women to undergo BCT with less tissue manipulation and lower complication rates.
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